Ángel Cuartero-Webquest

QUESTIONS

1. What marks the differences between a civil and a religious building?

The differences between the civil and religious buildings are that the civil buildings are places for decide the gobernment of the countrie, for have meetings of the state and the Parliament, etc, and the religious buildings are for celebrate ceremonies, to pray to any god, etc.

2. Make a list of the most important civil buildings and another of the most important religious buildings in the city that you can still see today.

Civil Buildings

-Royal Palace
-Casa y Torre de los Lujanes
-Museo de San Isidro
-Palacio de los Consejos

Religious Buildings
-The Almudena Cathedral
-Iglesia de San Pedro el Viejo
-Parroquia de San Ginés
-Colegio Imperial de los Jesuitas
-Capilla de San Isidro

Answer the following questions for each of the buildings that you mention on your list.

3. What function did the civil buildings have? What were they used for?
The civil buildings were palaces of the Monarchy and of the nobles, and places of meetings.
-Royal Palace: It is the residence of the King of Spain, but nowadays, the king lives in the Zarzuela Palace. It was also used for meetings.
-Casa y Torre de los Lujanes: It was the residence of a family of rich traders.
-Museo de San Isidro: Was build by the Lujanes for be a house, but it was used for the Tribunal de la Nunciatura, then as residence of the Condes de Paredes and nowadays is an arqueological museum.
-Palacio de los Consejos: It was the residence of the Duke of Uceda and then it was used by the Royal Treasury.

4. What function did the religious buildings have? What were they used for?
The religious buildings are places for pray and for have ceremonies.
-The Almudena Cathedral: It was used as seat of the Bishop and for pray.
-Iglesia de San Pedro el Viejo: Is was used for pray such a normal church.
-Parroquia de San Ginés: It was also used for pray.
-Colegio Imperial de los Jesuitas: It was used as school for nobles.
-Capilla de San Isidro: It was build for deposit the remains of San Isidro and people could pray him.

5. Who ordered and paid for the construction of the civil buildings? Why?
-Royal Palace: It was build by the Emir of Córdoba for defend him, then was reformed by the Castilian Monarchs (after the Christian Conquest), later, it was lost in the Eve of 1734 by a fire and was rebuilded by Philip V.
-Casa y Torre de los Lujanes: It was build by the family of Lujanes for be their residence.
-Museo de San Isidro: Was build by the Lujanes for be also their residence.
-Palacio de los Consejos: It was build by the Duke of Uceda for be his residence.

6. Who ordered and paid for the construction of the religious buildings? Why?
-The Almudena Cathedral: It was build by Alfonso XII for be the seat of the Bishop.
-Iglesia de San Pedro el Viejo: It was build by the archbishop of Brindis and Lorenzo Reinoso.
-Parroquia de San Ginés: It was build by Juan Ruiz.
-Colegio Imperial de los Jesuitas: It was build by San Francisco de Borja for be an school.
-Capilla de San Isidro: It was build by Juan Gómez de Mora and Pedro de la Torre for deposit the remains of San Isidro.

THE BIG QUESTION

Considering the buildings that you have studied, write a small composition (20 lines) in which you explain:

1. In what ways society organized in Madrid during the Modern Age?
2. What did the people who built the buildings hope to show with their structures?
3. What role did religion play in 16th and 17th century society? Was it a private and personal matter? Or, was it related to social status?
Give your personal opinion, but support it using the buildings and exampled what you have studied to defend your ideas.
During the Modern Age, the society of Madrid was a Feudal System organised in three states: the clergy, that had privileges and they hadn't to pay taxes, the nobles, that like the clergy, the had privileges and they hadn't to pay taxes, and the third state, the workers, that they hadn't got privileges and they had to pay taxes. Later, a new state appeared, the burgeoisie, that were rich merchants and bankers that had tu pay taxes and they hadn't got privileges, like the workers.
The rich men such as the nobles or the clergy built luxurious houses for themselves. As you were more rich, more luxurious an big was your house.
In the 16th and 17th centuries, all the spanish were catholic, so the religion was very important. The people had to pay a tithe to the churches, soy the clergy were very rich, and the built very big churches. If you weren't catholic, you went to prision or you were executed. I feel that it was a social matter because all the people in Spain were catholic and they believe in God.
I think that the people of the Modern Age were very strict with the laws and they also were very stupids because all the people should had the same rights and the religion that they wanted. You had to have many money for be somenthing in the life, and it is not fair. All the monarchs, the nobles, the clergy had very huge palaces, and the workers only had a very little house for a big family. Also, the workers had to work and the nobles and clergy no. Society was very poorly organised. The Church had all the power in the Catholics countries because all the habitants of these countries practised the Catholicism. And one of the most powerful person in the world was the Pope, because he had the control of all the churches, the clergy, etc. I find this very bad because the one that had to have the power over the world were the people, not kings or religion.