Created by Raquel Carrera and Marta Martínez

1.Introduction

This is one of the most important architectural buildings of Spanish baroque.A really beautiful basilica, Italian Baroque style and built with a range of effective solutions to alleviate their short range and give you a monumental aspect. It is built on the site of which was the Church of Santos Justo y Pastor and mentioned on the outside Madrid by Alfonso VIII (made between 1158 and 1202), placing it as one of the churches of old Madrid and in 1690 was completely destroyed by fire. In 1739 Don Luis Jaime de Bourbon y Parma, archbishop of Toledo, sent to build the new temple architect Santiago Bonavia, which gave the effect of grandeur to the pilasters have obliquely about the central axis, enlarging the space and the visual illusion is complete with lift and tilt outward. After the fire in 1790 during the French invasion of the temple of San Miguel, located where the market is currently bearing that name, joined the St. Just, to be renamed since then Church of San Miguel and Santos Justo y Pastor. Rn 1891, the parish of St. Just was established in the old monastery of Wonders And in 1930 rose to the papal basilica manor, and became the temple of Nunciature apostolic by the Holy See in Spain with the name of Basilica Pontificia de San Miguel, past year to be governed by Opus Dei.

3.Building Description

Example of the Italian Baroque has a curious design that achieves a spacious feeling in your small space one nave with chapels.Its front convex and the startling array of pilasters and ornaments make it a very original church.Preserves altarpieces of Ventura Rodriguez and sculptures of Roberto Michel,Salvador Carmona and Pascual of Mena,well as paintings by Ferrant and González Velázquez brothers.This small apostolic nuncio was built (1739 1746) following the plans of Giacomo.

4.¿What is its function?

It is used to hold weddings, baptisms, communions, any kind of celebration
religious.

5. Legends Stories Anecdotes

The palace is next to the basilica, separated by the passage is the Palacio Archbishop old eighteenth-century mansion built for residence of the Archbishops of Toledo in Madrid, the Cardinal Infant Don Luis de Bourbon and Cardinal Lorenzana, and is now the residence of the Archbishops of Madrid-Alcalá. One side of the palace overlooking the street goes, a saying where he was born in Madrid, because that is where he asked for marriage applications for years. ''which does not pass through the street of the pass ... not marriage’’. The palace lacks any ornamentation that we posed to stress, removing a baroque-tinged door is facing the corridor next to San Miguel. Important is that he was here the first ark of the XII century, kept for centuries the body of our Patrón san isidro. Wood, leather and coated with plaster reliefs, forming scrolls and tendrils. His figures are reminiscent of the Cantigas of Alfonso X the Wise. Now the ark is in the Almudena Cathedral.