Page created by Belén García.

Belén García Pascual-Webquest.

1. What marks the differences between a civil and a religious building?
The main differences are its functions, religious buildings (churches, parishes,basilicas..etc) are for praying, celebrating mass and also other religious ceremonies. Civil buildings are for official events like meetings. Other difference is who pays it, religious buildings were paid by the the Pope, the Church and in some cases by the King with the money of the people. Civil buildings were paid by the Royal Family and the Nobles, or by the President or the Minister.

2. Make a list of the most important civil buildings and another of the most important religious buildings in the city that you can still see today.

Civil Buildings

-Alcazar Real.
-Casa y Torre de los Lujanes.
-Plaza Mayor.
-Museo de San Isidro.
-Palacio de los consejos.

Religious buildings

-Iglesia de San Pedro el Viejo.
-Basilica de San Miguel.
-Capilla del Obispo.
-Basilica de San Andres.
-Parroquia de San Gines.
.Monasterio e Iglesia de San Jeronimo.

Answer the following questions for each of the buildings that you mention on your list.

3. What function did the civil buildings have? What were they used for?

Civil buildings were used for official events, like meetings. They were also used as a house for the Royal Family, for the court and also to some rich families.

-Alcazar Real: at first it was used for the court assembly, but later it beceme the Royal residence.
-Casa y Torre de los Lujanes: it was the house were a very rich and important family called los Lujanes lived.
-Plaza Mayor:it was used like a public place to do alot of bullfighting, also it was a square of arms and executions took place there, people used it for trade.
-Museo de San Isidro: it was used as a home of the Lujanes, they celebrate Royal marriages, political acts...etc.
-Palacio de los consejos: at first it was built as the house oft he Dukes of Uceda, later it was used by the Royal Treasury and also as the residence of people from the court.

4. What function did the religious buildings have? What were they used for?

They were used for praying and for give mass.

-Iglesia de San Pedro el Viejo: it was used for praying and for give mass.
-Capilla del Obispo: it was built to keep the remains of Sant Isidro so people could visit them and pray.
-Basilica de San Miguel: it was used for prayin and for give mass in honour of some Spanish Sants.
-Basilica de San Andres: it was used for praying and for give mass,it was built in honour of Sant Andres.
-Parroquia de San Gines: it was built for praying to God.
-Monasterio e Iglesia de San Jeronimo: it was created for the monks to live there, there, also live some times the Royal Family.

5. Who ordered and paid for the construction of the civil buildings? Why?

-Alcazar Real: it was paid by Philip II becouse he wanted a place to have a resident and also a place were the court could met.
-Casa y Torre de los Lujanes: it was paid by Alvaro Lujan, a member of the lujan family, becouse he wanted a house in Madrid.
-Plaza Mayor: it was ordened by Philip II, it was built for trading.
-Museo de San Isidro:it was paid by the Lujan family, to saw to everyone how powerful and wealthy they were.
-Palacio de los consejos: it was paid by Christopher Gomez de Sandoval-Rojas, he was the first Duke of Uceda. It was built as a residence.

6. Who ordered and paid for the construction of the religious buildings? Why?

-Iglesia de San Pedro el Viejo: it was paid by the obisph Lorenzo Reinoso de Brindis,for praying.
-Basilica de San Miguel:it was paid byLuis Jaime de Bourbon and Farnesio, bishop of Toledo, it was built for the Spanish sants.
-Capilla del Obispo: it was paid by King Alfonso VIII, to contain the remains of Sant Isidore.
-Basilica de San Andres: we don't know who ordened to built it becouse it's very old, it was paid by the Vicerroyalties of Mexico and Peru, by the villa of Madrid and also by the king.
-Parroquia de San Gines:it was paid by Juan Ruiz for praying.
-Monasterio e Iglesia de San Jeronimo:it was paid by Enrique IV becouse they wanted to built a monastery so the monks could live there.

The big question.

Society in Madrid was organised in three estates during the Modern Age. These estates were: the first estate wich was the Clergy, formed by monks, nuns and priest; they were a privilege estate and they didn't pay taxes.The second estate were the Nobles, they had privileges and they didn't pay taxes.The third estate ws formed by the workers, some rich merchants or trades form the bourgeoisie and the peasants.The third estate had to pay very high taxes. I think this was unfair becouse rich people like nobles or clergy didn't have to pay taxes but the poor people had to pay high taxes, including a tenth for the clergy. Very often the bourgeoisie gave money to the King in an exchange of privileges, so they can participate in political acts.

People who paid or built these monuments tried to show to the rest of the society how healthy, powerful and their social estatus. For example, the family of the Lujanes built la Casa y Torre de los Lujanes to show to every one in Madrid how powerful an rich they are. Another example is the church of San Pedro el Viejo, it was paid by the obisph Lorenzo Reinoso de Brindis to manifest the power of the Catholic Church. Religion during the 16th and 17th century had a great influence in the people, so it was sociable accepted.

Christian churches were great monuments becouse they were not only for praying, they also contain paintings (frescos or estatues) created by famous painters. According to the period, churches were not the same, they had different styles, like tall towers or big rosette.Religion wasn't a private matter, it was an aspect of society.