This page was created by Rosa María Campo and the students of ESO third year C.

We will stop in different places in our visit around Madrid. Then we will link these places to women who belonged to the Habsburg dinasty or were well known at this period, although they were not queens. You will have to research about the role they played and the reasons to talk about these women in these precise places. You can illustrate the information with a portrait, a map ... In some other places we will talk about some scientific facts that are worth to mention.

We would like to describe on this page how the society was from another point of view.

  • How was the life of the women who belonged to this dinasty?

  • How did they face the maternity? What health problems did they suffer?

  • What tendencies were in fashion at that historical moment?

  • Talking about Science, is there any important scientific fact that we could link to the places we will visit in old Madrid?

This family tree will be helpful. We mention the queens firstly:

Juana I of Castile (the mad) oo Philip I (the handsome)

Isabel of Portugal oo Charles I of Spain

1st Manuela of Portugal
2nd María Tudor

3rd Isabel of Valois(daughters: Isabel Clara and Catalina) oo Philip II
Ana de Austria (son: Philip III)

Margarita of Austria oo Philip III

1st Isabel de Borbón
2nd Mariana of Austria oo Philip IV

1st Mº Luisa de Orleans
2nd Mariana de Neoburgo
oo Charles II (the bewitched)

First Stop: Royal Palace (Alcázar)

(This stop will be the excuse to talk about the fashion tendencies and the cosmetics)

Let´s have a go with these portraits of Mariana de Austria! Who was Mariana de Austria?

external image Mariana-de-Austria.gif

Could you describe the fashion tendencies that you see comparing the portraits of both sides? List five.

external image 300px-Juan_CARRE%C3%91O_DE_MIRANDA_-_Queen_Mariana_de_Austria_as_a_Widow.JPG

In front of the Royal Palace you´ll also see the equestrian statue of King Philip the fourth. The weight of the statue rests upon the horse´s hind legs.

How is this balancing possible? Why is the famous astronomer Galileo Galilei related to this statue?

external image pintura_escultura3.jpg

Second stop: Encarnacion Convent and Margaret of Austria

This convent was founded in 1622 by Margaret of Austria and Philip lll. It houses a valuable collection of statues and paintings of the 17th and 18th centuries. The reliquary includes Saint Pantaleon´s blood. What happens with this blood on July 26th every year? Could you give a scientific explanation to this fact? (Clue: This day the container of the blood is moved from the reliquary room to the convent)