This page is created by Beatriz Blanco

1. What marks the differences between a civil and a religious building?
The differerence in a building civil is where they do the laws for example a tribunal and a building religius is to pray and to hear the word of Godfor example a church.
2. Make a list of the most important civil buildings and another of the most important religious buildings in the city that you can still see today.
there are some civil buildings:
La Casa y Torre de los Lujanes.
La Plaza Mayor.
Museo de San Isidro.
Palacio de Los Consejos.

Some of the religuious buildings were:
Iglesia de San Pedro el Viejo.
Basilica de San Miguel.
Basilica de San Andres.
Capilla de San Isidrio.
Capilla del Obispo.
Colegio imperial de los Jesuitas.
Monasterio o Iglesia de San Jeronimo el Real.
Parroquia de San Gines.

Answer the following questions for each of the buildings that you mention on your list.

3. What function did the civil buildings have? What were they used for?
The function that have the civil building is: to make the laws and its used to decided what we have to respect.

4. What function did the religious buildings have? What were they used for?
The function of the religious building is: to hear the words of God and its used for the people that wanted to pray.
5. Who ordered and paid for the construction of the civil buildings? Why?
La Casa y Torre de los Lujanes: Alvaro de Lujan he ordered to build and he wants to live with his family.
La Plaza Mayor: was Felipe II of Spain he ordered to build and he sent to finish it.
Museo de San Isidro:was ordered by the Lujane's family because they were rich so they formed a new building.
Palacio de Los Consejos: it was by the Dukes of Uceda but they don´t seen finished so the buildings was to the king of Spain.
6. Who ordered and paid for the construction of the religious buildings? Why?
Iglesia de San Pedro el Viejo: was orderes by Lorenzo Reinoso
Basilica de San Miguel: was ordered bythe Spanish baroque because they wanted a place to pray.
Basilica de San Andres: we don't Know how ordered to build but the person that paid was Viceroyalty of Perú.
Capilla de San Isidrio:
Capilla del Obispo: was ordered by the king Alfonso VIII. Because they had to need a place to keep the rest of San Isidro.
Colegio imperial de los Jesuitas: was funded to need to provide to Madridof a center of teaching of prestigious.
Monasterio o Iglesia de San Jeronimo el Real:was ordered by Enrique IV. The church was moved to Madrid by the consentiment of the Catholic Monarchs because they wanted a churc.
Parroquia de San Gines: Was build by Jose Luis Marín because the inhabitants of the street Arenal wanted a place to pray, to stay together and to pray for one God.

Considering the buildings that you have studied, write a small composition (20 lines) in which you explain:

1. In what ways society organized in Madrid during the Modern Age?
2. What did the people who built the buildings hope to show with their structures?
3. What role did religion play in 16th and 17th century society? Was it a private and personal matter? Or, was it related to social status?
The society was organised in the Feudal system and it was divided in the middle age in four states:the king, the nobles, the clergy and the peasants that is divided in two: the bourgeoisie and the workers.The king had political privilages, the king the nobles and the clergy lived luxury and very good. The nobles and the clergy they have political privilages and also in society and in the goverment, they don't pay taxes. The peasants they didn't have any political privilages, the had to pay taxes, they had to work.The bourgeoisie rich merchants and bankers that help the king and they had to pay taxes. And the workers too.The clergy have a high position in sociaty and have the most powerful power and they received money of a tax that the peasants paid and it is named thithe.
The rich people wanted buildings that had a very good stuctural to buy it but the poor people don't have many money to buy a house that is very spensive and they wanted a normal house. Also the rich people wanted palaces or house biggers like Royal Alcazar or the Council Palace with lost of rooms or something like that.Also the people and the monks or priest wanted buildings to pray like parish or churchs to pray to God because the people in these time were very religious not like now.
Charles V in the sixteenth century have a lot of problems wiht the protestants and had a lot of war with the protestants but the catholics won so the religion was finally freedom.In the war a lot of important buildings and house were destroyed and they had to revuilt like the church of St. Andres. In the seventeenth century a lot of civil buildings were built by the diputis because they wanted more civil houses like the casa y torre de los Lujanes, La plaza Mayor, a lot of museums, palacio de los congresos, etc....